Science is chock full of miraculous predictions, shocking revolutions, and utterly strange results that few science fiction writers could have ever dreamed of. What makes science so special? This course is a tour of the philosophical underpinnings of modern science. Some of the questions we will tackle include: What is a scientific theory? What is the logical structure of confirmation by experiment? Are unobservable entities like quarks and gluons real? What are causes and effects? Does science undergo revolutions?