HY233 explains how and why the East India Company acquired an empire in India, and explores the techniques by which the British sought to derive profit, prestige and power from its empire in South Asia. It asks to what extent did the British seek to reform India, and what were the consequences – intentional or otherwise – of imperial efforts to understand and change Indian society? The course examines the ways in which different groups of Indians responded to, benefited from, and resisted colonial rule in India. The economic impact of colonialism is considered, as the course asks, did British rule drain India of its wealth? In the second term, it assesses the impulses behind the emergence of Indian nationalism, and discusses Gandhi’s philosophy and his political strategies. The course considers why British India was partitioned in 1947 when India and Pakistan gained independence, and it investigates the long-term consequences of partition, including the conflict over Kashmir. The course concludes with a discussion of the impact that colonialism has had on the political and economic development of independent India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.