This course covers the law governing the conduct of hostilities (jus in bello, also known as the law of armed conflict (LOAC) or international humanitarian law (IHL)). This course can be taken alone or together with LL4A8: International Law and the Use of Force. The course will take a critical and historical perspective on the international regulation and facilitation of armed conflict. It covers both the laws governing the means and methods of warfare (sometimes known as 'Hague' law) and those regarding 'protected' groups hors de combat ('Geneva' law) in times of armed conflict and occupation. The course will further consider the practice of 'lawfare' more generally: that is, recourse to law as an aspect of waging war.