This course considers a range of contributions made by anthropologists to the analysis of development. It assesses the reconcilability of two divergent perspectives: development anthropology, with its corpus of writings by practitioners working on practical projects, and the 'anthropology of development', comprising a series of critiques of development theory and practice by anthropologists. It examines the historical background, showing how development and its discourses were made in the wake of the colonial encounter, and exploring the role played by anthropologists in this process. Post-modern critiques of both state-planned and market-driven development are considered and weighed against the ethnographic evidence, and anthropological studies of development organisations, institutions and 'the aid industry' considered. Topics covered include the anthropology of planning and policy; actor-centred perspective on development, indigenous technical knowledge and its use in agricultural projects; fertility and reproductive health. Regional ethnographies used include those from various parts of Southern and West Africa, China, the Caribbean, Latin America, South and South-East Asia.